American Toad

American Toad

American Toad

Bufo americanus

Conservation Status: Not Listed

Size: 2 to 4 3/8″ (5.1-11.1 cm).

Range: Canada: Manitoba, James Bay and Labrador, south to Maritime Provinces. United States: New England, Appalachian Mountains, Georgia, Oklahoma, Kansas, Wisconsin.

Habitat: Any location that has high moisture content and a high insect population.

Diet: Insects including: snails, beetles, worms. Can sometimes consume up to 1,000 insects in a single day. But the American Toad will also eat algae.

Breeding: Takes place from March to July.

Warnings: Highly poisonous! Glands on the neck of the toad secrete a white poison that will make predators extremely ill or even cause death. Humans handling these toads please wash hands thoroughly!

Description & Behavior

American toads have elongated parotoid glands located on the throat and behind each eye. The color of the toad ranges from brown to a dark red to olive green, but may also be lighter in color. The toad also has brown spots and warts that range in color from brown to an orangish red. The back of the American toad may contain a light colored stripe down the spine. They may also have spotted stomachs. American toad males are dark in color on their throats.