Bald Eagle



Bald Eagle

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Conservation Status: Removed from the Endangered Species list, but still protected by Federal Law.

Size: From head to foot measurements are around 3 feet long, (the female is larger than the male). The wingspan can be as much as 7 feet. The weight of a bald eagle is between 10-14 pounds.

Range: Wide range covering North America.

Habitat: Bald eagles live along the coast line, water sources (lakes and rivers) are a necessity.

Diet: Carnivorous, fish is the main staple of their diet though they also eat small mammals.

Breeding: Monogamous; chooses a mate for life. Lays 2-3 dull white to creamy yellow eggs once a year between the months of April to June.

Nesting: Nests are reused for many years and are found on high branches of trees near a source of water, but eagles will make a ground nest if there are no trees available.

Description & Behavior
The bald eagle is dark brown in color though its head, neck and tail are covered with white feathers. Adult bald eagles have yellow beaks. Young bald eagles tend to have black beaks and are dark brown all over. The bald eagle is the national symbol of the United States.