Puma concolor

Also Known As: mountain lion

Conservation Status: Near Threatened

Size: Males are larger than females; measurements from head to tail are between 2 and as long as 8 feet, weighing between 65 pounds and even as much as 260 pounds.

Range: Western half of North America down into South America.

Habitat: Cougars live in a variety of habitats such as: forests, swampy areas, brushes though they prefer dense vegetation, rocky outcrops or anyplace that can provide a good hiding place.

Diet: Carnivorous; small to medium sized mammals such as: rabbits, deer, rodents and domestic livestock.

Breeding: December to March.

Nesting: Litters between 3 and 6 young, makes nests using moss and vegetation in a protected place such as: caves, rock outcrops, thickets or dens.

Notes: Though cats dislike water; cougars can swim.

Warnings: Cougars tend to stay away from humans but have been known and documented to attack and even kill when they feel cornered or threatened!

Description & Behavior
The cougar has a long, sleek and muscled body. The cougar’s colors range from buff to tan to grey to reddish. The cougar has a round short broad head with pointed ears. The cougar’s underside is a lighter color from buff to almost white. Newborn cougars have blue eyes and are leopard-like spotted with rings on their tails. As newborns grow into young cougars, their spots remain on their sides. The cougar has large paws which is ideal for jumping and running, and can run as fast as 35 mph.